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Dr Raphael Scholl

Area of study
Fellowship level
Year awarded
Host university
Department of History and Philosophy of Science
University of Cambridge
Raphael Scholl earned concurrent degrees in Medicine and History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Bern in Switzerland. Since then he has worked on issues in the history and philosophy of biology and medicine at the universities of Bern, Pittsburgh, Cambridge, and Geneva, and at the LMU in Munich.
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The epistemology of health care improvement studies


It has proved remarkably difficult to assess the general effectiveness of popular methodologies for improving the quality, efficiency, safety, and affordability of medical care. Interventions that prove successful in one setting often fail in others. The aim of this project is to give a philosophical account of the causes of such failures of extrapolation, and to enquire into the conditions for successful extrapolation.


This project will rely on resources from the philosophy of science and from recent philosophy of medicine.

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